cnc machine for steel structure

plasma cutting machine and laser cutting machine in beam cutting

Plasma Beam Cutting Machine:

plasma beam cutting machine is a type of CNC (Computer Numerical Control) cutting equipment used to cut through various metals, including steel, by using a high-temperature plasma arc. The machine consists of a computer-controlled cutting table and a plasma torch. Here’s how it works:

Plasma Arc Generation: The plasma torch creates a high-velocity stream of ionized gas (plasma) by passing a high electrical current through a gas, typically nitrogen or oxygen.

Focused Cutting: The machine’s CNC system controls the movement of the cutting head along the X, Y, and Z axes based on a programmed design. The plasma arc melts and blows away the molten metal, creating a clean and precise cut.

Versatility: Plasma cutting is suitable for a wide range of metal thicknesses and types, including steel. It’s particularly useful for cutting thicker metals that might be challenging for other methods.

Laser Beam Cutting Machine:
laser beam cutting machine uses a highly focused laser beam to cut through materials. In the context of steel structure fabrication, fiber lasers are commonly used due to their efficiency and precision. Here’s an overview:

Laser Generation: The laser machine generates a powerful and concentrated laser beam through the use of a laser resonator and a gain medium, typically a fiber optic cable.

Material Interaction: The focused laser beam heats the steel to the point of vaporization, creating a narrow cut path. Assist gases, such as oxygen or nitrogen, are often used to facilitate the cutting process.

High Precision: Laser cutting is known for its exceptional precision, allowing for intricate and detailed cuts. It is commonly used for thinner materials and applications where accuracy is crucial.


Cutting Precision: Laser cutting generally offers higher precision compared to plasma cutting, making it suitable for intricate designs and fine details.
Material Thickness: Plasma cutting is well-suited for thicker steel sections, while laser cutting excels with thinner materials.

Speed: Plasma cutting is often faster for thicker materials, while laser cutting can be quicker for thinner materials and complex shapes.

Cost: Plasma cutting machines are generally more affordable upfront, but the operational costs might be higher due to consumables like gas.

Versatility: Plasma cutting can handle a wider range of materials, while laser cutting might have some limitations based on material type.

In steel structure fabrication, both technologies have their place. Plasma cutting is favored for heavy structural components, while laser cutting shines in creating precise, intricate parts. The choice between these methods depends on factors like material thickness, desired precision, budget, and specific project requirements.